Department of radiology and Radiological Science


Arteries of the Abdomen
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Schematic drawing of the thoracic and abdominal aorta and branches

Angiography of the abdominal aorta and main branches.

Late-phase aortography showing the bilateral nephrogram and contrast enhancement of the adrenal glands.

Schematic drawing of the celiac trunk, showing the hepatic arteries, segments (Couinaud), and the gastric and splenic circulation. Based on a real angiogram.

Selective angiogram of the celiac trunk, showing the hepatic circulation, and the gastric, pancreatic, and splenic circulation. The pattern presented here is the most common and present in about 40% to 50% of the population.

Late phase of the angiogram showing the splenic and portal veins, as well as the splenic blush and the hepatic blush.


Schematic drawing showing the arterial circulation of the duodenum, stomach, spleen, and greater omentum, as well as the anastomotic collaterals.

Selective injection at the celiac trunk with a normal distribution of the branches. Note the dorsal pancreatic artery arising from the bifurcation of the celiac artery and that most of the arterial circulation of the pancreas arises from the dorsal pancreatic artery. Only one major artery in the head of the pancrease is visualized.


Schematic drawing of the hepatic segments according to the Couinaud description, showing the portal vein distribution, the hepatic lobar division, and hepatic fissures.

Veins of the Abdomen

Schematic diagram of the inferior vena cava, tributary veins of the abdomen and pelvis, as well as the superior vena cava and main venous tributaries of the chest.

Schematic drawing showing the anatomy of the hepatic veins, the portal vein, and the Couinaud segments. The right hepatic vein runs into the right hepatic fissure, while the middle hepatic vein runs into the middle hepatic fissure. The right branch of the middle hepatic vein drain part of the right liver lobe.

Specimen of the liver injected into the portal vein.

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The above images and legends have been borrowed with permission. Renan Uflacker. Atlas of Vascular Anatomy an Angiographic Approach: Second Edition. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins © 2007.  The new Atlas of Vascular Anatomy, edited by Dr. Renan Uflacker, details the vascular anatomy seen on angiographic images and in the new imaging modalities. The book presents the complete anatomy of the arteries, veins, and lymphatic system by body region. Full-color drawings are correlated with angiographic images to guide evaluation and management of vascular disease and performance of endovascular procedures.

Also available in Chinese.







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